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The Clarendon Enterprise
Clarendon, Texas
June 30, 1994     The Clarendon Enterprise
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June 30, 1994

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June 30, 1994 b2 (lartaea tws County Settlement and from The Claren- 2, 1903 the extreme Northwestern of Texas, is a large area, from the days of the has been known as the In fact all north- Texas has been so called. , however, con- s of 25 counties, aggregating t 24,000 square miles. It ex- from the 100th meridian on on the west from Oklahoma (Beaver on the north to about the Parallel, North Latitude, on By an act of the L3th Leosla- scope of country 60 miles was established as County, so named in Texas Emigrant, Aid and In this was in- Wheeler, Gray and by and act of the whole of was sub-divided into and the law creating county repealed. was established by let, and named in of Hen. Stockton P. a distinguished judge of The eastern boundary of the west of the 100th The 35th parallel of le, North, runs nearly its center, being the same that constitutes the boundary of the state of Its altitude well average 2600 feet above the sea level : Red River runs numerous living streams the north, with but one the south. The l ]anno F.- its western ua.hern boundary, except in its north-west corner where the plains overlap to "the extent of several thousand acres. Its area is 900 square miles. There are brakes and sand along the rivers and creeks, but otherwise it is generally rolling prairie with a dark chocolate sell of great depth and apparently of inex- haustible fertility. At the term the Act, estab- fishing and naming the county, went into effect, this portion of Texas was practically an unex- plored re0on, inhabited by hostile and aggressive Indians, who sub- sisted on the countless buffaloes that grazed on its nutritious gras- ses, as well as by raids on the nearest settlements. It was a region seldom penetrated by white men other than adventurous buffalo hunters or missionaries. The first permanent location by white men was by Charles Good- night and his employees who in 1876 moved a herd of cattle from the state of colorado to Paloduro canyon, whose range took within its extensive boundaries a large part of Donley County. He and other stockmen following were the pioneer settlers. They not only employed large numbers of men, but other who had drifted into the country, whatever their occupa- tion, depended largely on them for work. Under the conditions then esting, a livelihood could not have been made, neither could the set- tiers have successfully withstood the dangers lurking about them. the stockmen and their cowboys, with their readiness to fight over- awed hostile Indians. The summary manner in which marauders were dealt with convinced this class that their per- serial safety depended on their ab- sence. Hence without officers to enforce the laws, good order was maintained and the very few widely scattered settlers pursued their oc- cupations in safety. In the year 1878 LH. Carhart made an expen- sive effort to settle a colony of farmers in Douley County. Under his advice and recommendation a small number of people, mostly from the North, were induced to try the experiment. A town was lo- cated on Carroll Creek near its junction with Salt Fork named Clarendon but better known as "Christian Colony," also sarcasti- called the "Saint's Roost." The first building erected from lumber (this was hauled from Dodge City, Kansas, a distance of 250 miles) was a school house which was used for both school and church. The foundations of the church were laid from native rock. All town property was sold with the provision that no intoxication li- quors of any kind should ever be sold on the premises. So this colony started with the lofty ideal that the school, the church and temperance were first requisites in making their enterprise successful But coming from the old states where farming conditions were so different, nd lacking adaptability most of these colonists became discouraged and abandoned the country. In the spring of 1882 the county was organized. Its newly elected officers were sworn in on the llth day of April of that year by Judge Emanuel Dubbs, later a resi- dent of Donley County, then county judge of Wheeler County to which Donley County was attached for judicial purposes. The county of_ ricers were: G.A. Brown, county judge; B.H. White, county clerk; J.D. Vq-ilson, sheriff;, W.D. Kimball, treasurer; J.T. Otey, assessor, and JM. Parks, surveyor. County com- missioners, T.W. Morrison, Char- les Goodnight, L.R. Dyer and S.B. NaIL At this time the county was but a cattle range. Indeed it was vigorously claimed that no other in- dustry could thrive. That to plow up and destroy good grass with nothing to profitably take its place, was defying Providence. The feeble efforts of those who had tried farming, intensified the idea. Prosperous as a cow ranch, little or no progress was made towards settlement until the advent of the Railroad in 1887. With it came emigrants seeking homes. The more desirable school lands were taken up. Many of these set- tiers, however, like the influx of 1878, tried to make a living by farm- ing, and in the manner they had been accustomed to in their old homes, not fully realizing the dif- ference in conditions. Crop failures frightened and dis- couraged them. Then the financial crisis of 1893 swept over the country. Unable to pay interest, lands were forfeited and a general feeling of unrest and insecurity prevailed. The Legislature, how- ever, rose to the occasion, reduced the price of school land to $1.00 per acre, at 3 percent interest, and giving a preference right to the original purchaser to re-purchase. Stimulated by these liberal terms, settlers renewed their courage and repurchased. Those who weathered the stress of financial storms, and the many other dis- couragements and clung to their homes, gained a decided victory. Without exception they have accumulated property about them, made substantial improvements, including comfortable dwellings and are contented and prosperous. The range stock industry had been successful from its commen- cement. The experience of a quarter of a century has settled the question beyond dispute. How- ever, this branch of the cattle buff- hess needs but few men, many cat- fie and large territory. To this ex- tent it was and is antagonistic to the settlement. It was an extravagant use of land, confming its benefits to the few, while the many are home- less. At the beginning of settlement it was perhaps necessary. The-sys- tem has been largely, and what is left is gradually being displaced by stock farming, An owner of one to four sec- tions, with a stock of cattle suffi- dent for the area he controls, car- rying his stock through the winter with the crops grown during the summer, is assured by ordinary care and industry of a good living and soon independence. This statement is verified by the ex- perience of many Donley County stock farmers. Kaffir corn, mile, maize and sorghum are the chief reliance of the stock farmer for winter fed crops that are reasonab- ly certain in the driest years, and marvelously productive in favorable ones. Stock farming has been the second step in the evolution of the county from the Indian and buffalo. We are now upon the threshold of the third and most im- portant, considering the numbers it will benefit. The question is repeatedly asked "Can farming alone be made a success?" Can a man with 160 acres make a living for his family, to educate his children and secure a comfortable home for his old age. Page 5 In Greer County, Oklahoma, has been, and is being done. Why not in Donley County? Equally good, so far as soil, sunshine and rainfall contribute to success. In fact, the same kind of country, only distant from each other in their nearest points of contact, thirty miles. The farmer who is able and willing to work, who can modify his preconceived notions to the extent required by difference in soil and climate, can readily and intelligent- ly adapt himself to changed condi- Hedley Senior Citizens Menu tion and will exercise for a few years proper economy, will make for himself a comfortable home. He assumes only the burden that has been imposed on all settlers in a new country, and with good habits and perseverance, has the same certainty of success. Ame Cancer Society Memorials Ayone wishing to give a emorial to the American Cancer Society should contact Bar- bara Cosper at the Donley County State Bank. Barbara is the Memorial Chairman for the Don- Icy Unit of the American Cancer Society. Money Oven for memorials goes into Cancer research, educa- tion, cancer programs and service and rehabilitation support for local cancer patients. Thursday: Mexican Cas- serole, Toss Salad, Baked Apple, Chips or Crackers, and Milk, Cof- fee, or Tea Friday: Cod Fillet, Onion Rings, Mix Green& Coleslaw, Jel- lied Fruit, Corn Muffins, and Milk, Coffee, or Tea Monday:. Closed for July 4th Tuesday. Chicken Strips & Gravy, French Fries, English Peas, Deviled Eggs, Peaches & Bananas, and Milk, Coffee, or Tea Wednesday: Baked Ham Sweet Potatoes, Fried Okra, Car- rot-Raisin Salad, Cake w\\;Choco- late Topping. Roll, and Milk, Cof- fee, or Tea Calendar Of Events Thursday: Games I - 3 p.m.; Dance Practice 7 p.m. Monday: Games 1-3 p.m.; Musical 7 pan. Tuesday: Games 1 - 3 p.m.; Blood Pressure 1 p.m.; Games 7 p.m. Wednesday: Games 1 - 3 p.m. J00LW L00ber OF [110 lave 4th of July weekend, $1.oo off any #1on a of Glidden Paint/ r cooo oo ,oc00 oo o0, H'lghway 287 874-:7000 _ _.. B&R THRIFTWAY SPECIALS JUNE 29-JULY 5 July, 7 Activities Bicycle & Tricycle Parade at 10:30 a.m. $50. O0 Savings Bond for winner of best Decorated Tricycles & Bicycles. DR. PEPPERS Divisions: Tricycle, Bicycle 7 years & under & Bicycle 8 to 14 years old. & S " Line-up will be at 10:00 a.m. SEVEN UP at the Post Office 6 PACK 12 OZ. CANS Register in Person at Simmons Insurance. $129 Depression Lunch on Main Street Downtown Clarendon Beginning at 11:30 a.m. until food runs out Beans & Cornbread 15 Sponsored by The Clarendon Merchants Association HWY 287 CLARENDON, TEXAS